How to Write a Name on a Tombstone
Gravemarker, Headstone, Monument

See also How to Write a Name on a Plaque, Award, Diploma or Certificate.

How to Write a Name on a Tombstone

How Do I Write a Name on a Headstone?

Two daughters of a deceased Air Force Colonel asked for my help for the wording on a gravestone. I am thinking of:
—–Col. John Patrick Delaney
—–USAF, Retired
—————– Betty

I want to purchase a paver (a personalized brick) in a local veterans memorial for my grandfather. He retired from the United States Army as a CW4. His name is Harold E Copper. Any ideas?
—————– JB

Is it O.K. to put Esq. after my father’s name on his headstone? He was very proud of being an attorney.
—————– Katie Dorset

My father was a physician. On his grave marker should I put Dr. before his name? Or M.D. after his name?
—————– Bruce

Dear Betty, JB, Katie, & Bruce:

Deceased persons just have their NAME on grave markers.

Honorifics (Mr., Mrs., Dr., etc.), ranks (captain, major, etc.), courtesy titles (excellency. honorable or reverend), and academic and other post-nominal abbreviations (M.D., Ph.D., R.N., etc.) – which are parts of a person’s name at various times during their lives – are not included. The marker stands for their whole life: their name is the one thing they had the entire time.

I’m not saying you don’t see these honorifics and post nominals included every now and then, but it’s not traditional.

When there is a desire to include ‘roles’ and ‘ranks’ held during their lives – list these after their name. Military tombstones are a good model. Military cemeteries’ stones display the decease’s NAME first. Other info, rank and branch of service, are after.  Retired is never included. It was pertinent when the person was living to note the person was not on active duty.

—-So, if the family wants ranks or roles noted, the traditional style would be:
—-—-(Full Name)
—-—-(Rank), (Branch of Service)

—-Which looks like:
—-—-John Patrick Delaney
—-—-Colonel USAF
—-—-Harold E Copper
—-—-CW4 USA
—-—-John J Pershing
—-—-General of the Armies of the United States
—-—-Theodore Isen
—-—-Husband, Father and Friend

—-—-See the photos below.

– Robert Hickey

How to Write a Name on a Tombstone, Name on a Gravemarker, Headstone, Monument

Punctuation on Tombstones

I am having a double cemetery headstone made for my parents. Our surname will be centered in large letters. Below and to the left will be my father’s first and middle name and, on the right, my mother’s first and maiden surname. My father was a ‘Jr.’

My question regards punctuation. Is a comma placed after the middle name, before Jr.?
——–John James, Jr.
—-—-John James Jr.
—-—-—-—-– Jan

Dear Jan,

I vote for no punctuation.

Traditionally punctuation is not used on tombstones: no periods with middle initials; no commas after names or periods with sequence post-nominals like Jr or III.

Stone carvers use elegant spacing to define the names:
—-—-John James Jr

– Robert Hickey
How to Write a Name on a Tombstone, Name on a Gravemarker, Headstone, Monument

Forms of Address: How a conversation begins can have a huge impact on how the conversation - even the entire relationship - develops.

Order of Military Personnel’s Names on a Memorial

Our veterans association is placing a headstone in a cemetery for 13 armed services personnel who perished in a crash after takeoff from Wake Island in 1977.

What is the correct order for listing the names of deceased crew members? Do we list them in descending order from the highest ranked officer to the lowest ranked enlisted, alphabetically by rank/rate, or alphabetically by last name?
——————-– JM

Dear JM,

They definitely have to be ‘in order’. The order you choose will show your view of the individuals listed.

The rules of precedence would dictate that names be listed in precedence order by rank: high to low

Sometimes they acknowledge the ‘crew’ aspect. If you look at WW1 memorials, they are often officers first – in order first by rank & then by date of rank if there is more than one with the same rank. Then a second list of enlisted personnel in order by rank.

This contrasts with what you see at the 9-11 Memorial at the Pentagon. There they were both armed services and civilian deaths in both the Pentagon and on the plane. They might have chosen to put them in order by rank, armed services personnel first, then civilians, last. This might be correct ‘by-the-book’ based on established precedence lists.

But that not what they did. They put them in order by their age the day of the crash — youngest first oldest last. How could anyone disagree that the death young child should not be first?

Thus, the order selected sends a statement of the organizer’s view of those remembered in the memorial.

#1) Alphabetical by family name is defendable — in keeping with the idea that everyone is equal in death.

#2) Since all were armed services personnel — rank order is defendable — reflecting the hierarchy within the group.

So, I throw it back to you: Which does your committee prefer?

– Robert Hickey  How to Write a Name on a Tombstone, Name on a Gravemarker, Headstone, Monument

How to List Rank & Academic Degree?

I recently attended a funeral for a retired Rear Admiral who was also a Navy doctor. Was it proper to refer to him on the cover of the program as:
—-—-RADM (Name), M.D.

Was that correct?
———————– Vic M. in Pew #44

Dear Vic M.:

I’ll mention two directions for this.

—-—-The deceased are normally referred to ‘by name’ – without rank or honorific – without academic degrees – without post-nominal abbreviations.  The logic is, the event is to celebrate their whole life, during which they had many titles and many roles. The full range of ranks and roles is numerated somewhere else in the program.
————(Full Name)

——-Since the deceased no longer have a rank in military cemeteries the rank is listed after the name – not as part of the name:
————(Full Name)

————RADM USN Medical Corps

Abbreviating ‘Rear Admiral’ with the U.S. Navy service-specific abbreviation – RADM – is standard in a military environment. It is also less wide when space is an issue. In official forms of address, branch of service follows the name, in this case – Medical Corps, USN.

Academic degrees are never used with a military rank. So ‘M.D.’ would not have been a part of his name in life.  If a rank is used with the name, academic degrees are mentioned elsewhere.

– Robert Hickey How to Write a Name on a Tombstone, Name on a Gravemarker, Headstone, Monument

Not Finding Your Question Answered?

—-#1)  At right on desktops, at the bottom of every page on tablets and phones, is a list of all the offices, officials & topics covered on the site.

—-#2)  After checking the list and reading the posts, if you don’t see your question answered send me an e-mail. I am pretty fast at sending a reply: usually the next day or so (unless I am traveling.)  Note: I don’t have mailing or Email addresses for any of the officials and I don’t keep track of offices that exist only in history books.

—-#3)  If I think your question is of interest to others, I will post the question & answer – always changing the names and specifics.

— Robert Hickey

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