How to Address a Prime Minister

How to Address a Prime Minister
Non-Commonwealth Country

How do I address a current prime minister (head of government)? Specifically, the Prime Minister of Lithuania.
————– KB in Washington

Dear KB:

A prime minister – a head of government – from a non-English speaking country has a traditional form of address in their local language. But when traveling internationally, and the common language is English, address in writing as:

—-—-His/Her Excellency (Full Name)
—-—-Prime Minister of the (official country name)

—-Salutation and conversation:
—-—-Your Excellency:
—-—-Prime Minister:

—-#1) If you have several ‘excellencies’ and are concerned if you use ‘Your Excellency’ it will be confusing, use ‘Prime Minister (Surname)’. Using the person’s name is less formal than just their ‘title’ – but clarity is always the priority.

—-#2) Note that the formula specifies ‘official country name’. In your case the short form is ‘Lithuania’. The official country name is the ‘Republic of Lithuania’. Using the ‘official country name’ is formal. Look it up.

Why are Prime Ministers addressed as Your Excellency when traveling outside their country? The logic is they are traveling as ‘ambassadors of their government‘ and as such, they are addressed as accredited diplomats while on international missions.

– Robert Hickey

How to Address A Commonwealth Prime Minister?

How to I address an invitation to the Prime Minister of Canada and his wife?
—-—-—-– Sarah

Dear Sarah:
This is the formula used in all of the Commonwealth realms. Many Commonwealth countries, once colonies or dependenies of the United Kingdom use the same form of address.  For other nations – see another post on this page for a Prime Minister of a non-Commonwealth country.

#1) If his wife uses the same surname:
—-—-The Right Honourable (Full Name), MP
—-—-and Mrs. (Surname)

#2) If his wife uses a different surname or has a special honorific of her own (Dr., military rank, etc.) write her name fully:
—-—-The Right Honourable (Full Name), MP
—-—-and (Honorific) (Given Name) (Surname)

—-Inside envelope:
—-—-Prime Minister and Ms./Mrs./Dr./etc. (Surname)

—-Salutation or conversation:
—-—-Prime Minister
——–Ms./Mrs./Dr./etc. (Surname)

I have more in my book, but this is enough to get you through!

– Robert Hickey

Australian,  British and Canadian forms of address are related.
See note on use of British spelling in honourable and right honourable.

Forms of Address: How a conversation begins can have a huge impact on how the conversation - even the entire relationship - develops.

How to Address a Former Commonwealth Prime Minister?

How do I send a letter to a former Prime Minister of the U.K.? He is retired and longer a member of the House of Commons.  What is the proper way to address him in the ‘Address’ line and ‘Dear’ line? We think the following might be correct:

—-Envelope and address block on the letter:
—-—-The Rt. Hon. (Full Name)

—-—-Dear Mr. (Surname):
—-—-—-—-—-– Lorenza & Vinayak

Dear Lorenza & Vinayak,

Your forms look good. If he’s out of office and no longer serving in the House of Commons – he continues to be ‘the Right Honourable’ – but is no longer an ‘MP’

Address Line: The Rt. Hon. (Full Name)
Salutation: Dear Mr./Ms./etc. (Surname):

—-… with the following comments:

—-#1) In the U.K. they routinely abbreviate The Right Honourable to The Rt. Honourable or even The Rt. Hon. …. But’s it’s acceptable to spell everything out. If you do spell it out use the British spelling Honourable rather than the U.S. spelling Honorable. It’s always best to present a name the way the person is accustomed to seeing it presented at home.

—-#2) It seems strange, but in the salutation, he is correctly Mr./Ms./Dr. (Surname)

– Robert Hickey

Not Finding Your Question Answered?

—-#1)  At right on desktops, at the bottom of every page on tablets and phones, is a list of all the offices, officials & topics covered on the site.

—-#2)  After checking the list and reading the posts, if you don’t see your question answered send me an e-mail. I am pretty fast at sending a reply: usually the next day or so (unless I am traveling.)  Note: I don’t have mailing or Email addresses for any of the officials and I don’t keep track of offices that exist only in history books.

—-#3)  If I think your question is of interest to others, I will post the question & answer – always changing the names and specifics.

— Robert Hickey

The Protocol School of Washington (PSOW) was founded in 1988 and offers open-enrollment, classroom-based programs where students learn to become a licensed Intercultural Etiquette and Protocol Trainer, or can earn a certificate in operational protocol by completing Protocol Officer Training. Private, on-site training is also available to provide tailored training solutions. In 2020, PSOW launched online, instructor-led training to meet the needs of students worldwide.

PSOW has offices in: Washington, DC; Columbia, SC; and Dubai, United Arab Emirates. The school is nationally accredited by the Accrediting Council for Continuing Education and Training (ACCET) and provides international protocol, cross-cultural awareness, business etiquette, and image training preparing professionals to build lasting business relationships.


Protocol and Diplomacy International – Protocol Officers Association promotes the protocol profession and raises awareness of its central role in business and diplomacy through education and networking. PDI-POA’s mission is to share the highest level of collective expertise, training, information and advice regarding accepted rules of protocol. PDI-POA is committed to facilitating communication, understanding and cooperation among individuals, governments and cultures around the globe.