How to Address a City, County or State Judge

How to Address a Judge of a City, County or State Court

—-Envelope or address block on letter or email:
—-—-The Honorable
—-—-(Full Name)

—-—-(Name of Court)
—-—-—-or How to Address a City County or State Judge
—-—-The Honorable (Full Name)

—-—-(Name of Court)
—-—-(Address)How to Address a City County or State Judge

—-Letter salutation:
—-—-Dear Judge (Surname):

—-—-Judge (surname)

—-Direct address in the courtroom:
—-—-Your Honor *

* His Honor, Her Honor & Your Honor
Your honor is an oral form of address used in conversation with a presiding official. Both a judge in his or her courtroom and the mayor in his or her city may be addressed as Your Honor. Neither a visiting judge in another judge’s courtroom nor a former mayor are addressed as Your Honor.

– Robert Hickey  How to Address a City County or State Judge

Robert Hickey author of “Honor & Respect”

How to Address a Judge and Spouse?

How to I address a letter’s envelope to a judge and her husband?
——————– Sam O’Brien

I am writing a letter to a Judge and his wife. What is the proper salutation for the letter?
——————– Thanks, D.N.

Dear Sam & D.N.:
—-The formula for the envelope is

——-The Honorable (Full Name)
——-and Mrs. (Surname)

—-—-Which looks like
—-—-—-The Honorable Stephen Jennings
—-—-—-and Mr. Jennings

——-The Honorable (Full Name)
——-and Ms/Dr.. (Full Name)

—-—-Which looks like
—-—-—-The Honorable Thomas Jennings
—-—-—-and Dr. Linda Nelson

——-The Honorable (Full Name)
——-and Mr. (Full Name)

—-—-Which looks like
—-—-—-The Honorable Nancy Jennings
—-—-—-and Mr. Franklin Jennings

—-The most formal salutation for a judge and spouse (if the spouse uses the same last name) would be:
——–Dear Judge Jennings and Mrs. Jennings
——–Dear Judge Jennings and Mr./Ms./Dr. Nelson
—-Dear Judge Jennings and Mr. Jenning

—-In a salutation you always use the form of the name used in conversation.

Formally people who hold high offices get their full name as a unit … so Dear Judge and Mrs. Jennings – is informal.

Wives who use the same surname as their spouses traditionally lose their given name when addressed with their husband: They become simply Mrs. (Surname).   Thist is not a tradition everyone follows, but it is the traditional format. See the post on Mrs. & Ms. in the list of links at right for more on writing women’s names.

– Robert Hickey   How to Address a Judge of a Federal Court How to Address a City County or State Judge

Related Posts:
Couples: Private Citizens
Couples: Christian Clergy
Couples: Rabbis
Couples: Military
Couples: U.S. Officials
Couples: Same Sex

Forms of Address: How a conversation begins can have a huge impact on how the conversation - even the entire relationship - develops.

How to List a Judge in an Academic Environment?

If a law journal is publishing an article by a judge, should he be listed in the table of contents as ‘Honorable (first name, last name)‘, as ‘Judge (Name)’ or with JD?
———————– Jason Brand How to Address a City County or State Judge

Dear Mr. Brand,
Most of the time a judge is: ‘The Honorable (first name, last name)’.  Then after his name identify the office he holds: ‘Chief Judge of the Third Circuit Court of Appeals of New York‘  or whatever …

In an academic journal … if it is decided you will include his academic post-nominal abbreviations, don’t use the Honorable. ‘The Honorable’ is never used with post-nominals:

—-YES: The Honorable (First name. last name)
—-YES: (First name. last name), JD
—-NO: The Honorable (first name. last name), JD

I’ve seen elected members of the US Senate referred to in a law journal as (Name), JD. The journal then went on to identify his office held after his name. This is clear and makes sense in the context.

– Robert Hickey How to Address a City County or State Judge

Robert Hickey author of “Honor & Respect”

When Should You Use the Forms on this Page?

You can use these forms of address for any mode of communication: addressing a letter, invitation, card or Email. (If there are differences between the official and social forms of address, I will have mentioned the different forms.)  The form noted in the salutation is the same form you say when you say their name in conversation or when you greet them.

Not Finding Your Answer?

—-#1)  At right on desktops, at the bottom of every page on tablets and phones, is a list of all the offices, officials & topics covered on the site.

—-#2)  If you don’t see the official you seek included or your question answered send me an e-mail. I am pretty fast at sending a reply: usually the next day or so (unless I am traveling.)  Note: I don’t have mailing or Email addresses for any of the officials and I don’t keep track of offices that exist only in history books.

—-#3)  If I think your question is of interest to others, Sometimes I post the question  – but always change all the specifics.

— Robert Hickey 

Robert Hickey author of “Honor & Respect”