How to Address a Duke or Duchess

See also Royal Duke or Duchess
See also Dowager Duchess

Duke | Duchess

—-Examples:
—-—-Duke of Abercorn
—-—-Duke of Argyll
—-—-Duke of Beaufort

—-Envelope or address block on letter or email::
—-—-His/Her Grace
—-—-The Duke/Duchess of (place)
—-—-(Address)

—-—-Their Graces
—-—-The Duke and Duchess of (place)
—-—-(Address)

—-Salutation:
—-—-My Lord Duke:
—-—-Dear Duke/Duchess of (place):
—-—-Dear Duke/Duchess:

—-Conversation:
—-—-Your Grace

— Robert Hickey

Robert Hickey author of "Honor & Respect"

Royal Duke

—-Examples:
—-—-The Duke of Cambridge
—-—-The Duke of York

—-Envelope or address block on letter or email:
—-—-His Royal Highness
—-—-The Duke of (place)
—-—-(Address)

—-Letter salutation:
—-—-Your Royal Highness:

—-Conversation, initially:
—-—-Your Royal Highness

—-Conversation, subsequently:
—-Sir

Duke Duchess

Royal Duchess

—-Examples:
—-—-The Duchess of Cambridge
—-—-The Duchess of Cornwall

—-Envelope or address block on letter or email::
—-—-Her Royal Highness
—-—-The Duchess of (place)
—-—-(Address)

—-Letter salutation:
—-—-Your Royal Highness:

—-Conversation, initially:
—-—-Your Royal Highness

—-Conversation, subsequently:
—-—-Ma’am

Duke Duchess

Royal Duke and Duchess

—-Example:
—-—-Their Royal Highnesses The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge

—-Envelope or address block on letter or email::
—-—-Their Royal Highnesses
—-—-The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge
—-—-(Address)

—-Letter salutation:
—-—-Your Royal Highnesses:

— Robert Hickey

Forms of Address: How a conversation begins can have a huge impact on how the conversation - even the entire relationship - develops.

How to Address a Dowager?

Duchess, Marchioness, Countess, Viscountess or Baroness

_________

Dowager

Does one address a Dowager as one would the nobleman’s wife? I am a minister and have a Dowager in my parish. Do you think Duchess (first name) or Dear Duchess of (Somewhere), more suitable? How to address a dowager?
— D.W.

Dear D.W.
British style guides suggest in oral conversation with a duchess you use: Your Grace
—-—-In a salutation: Dear Duchess:

The style guides further suggest in oral conversation with a marchioness, countess, viscountess or baroness you use: Lady (Name):  where (Name) is the name of the marquessate, earldom, viscountcy, or barony.
—-—-In a salutation with a marchioness: My Madam: or Dear Lady:
—-—-With a countess, viscountess or baroness: Dear Lady:

But there is a difference is how one ‘describes’ the d0wager or addresses the dowager in writing.  This is determined by how the individual dowager styles herself.

In writing – on an envelope or in full introduction – style books present two ways. These formulas works for duchess, marchioness, countess, viscountess and baroness:

Formula #1 …. The Dowager (Full Title)
—-—-Example: The Dowager Duchess (of Place)

—-Formula #2 …. (Name), (Complete name of rank)
—-—-Example: Mary, Duchess (of Place)
—-—-—-Which is the form the dowager Duchess of Devonshire who died in 2014 used:
—-—-—-—-Deborah Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire

To be certain which formula this dowager prefers, see if she has a personal secretary who can advise which style the individual prefers.

— Robert Hickey  How to address a dowager?

See these Related Posts: --------King/Queen --------Duke/Duchess --------Marquess/Marchioness --------Earl/Countess --------Viscount/Viscountess --------Baron/Baroness --------Knight/Dame--------Noble Titles: Social Use Only

Robert Hickey author of "Honor & Respect"

When Should You Use the Forms on this Page?

You can use these forms of address for any mode of communication: addressing a letter, invitation, card or Email. (If there are differences between the official and social forms of address, I will have mentioned the different forms.)  The form noted in the salutation is the same form you say when you say their name in conversation or when you greet them.

Not Finding Your Answer?

—-#1)  At right on desktops, at the bottom of every page on tablets and phones, is a list of all the offices, officials & topics covered on the site.

—-#2)  If you don’t see the official you seek included or your question answered send me an e-mail. I am pretty fast at sending a reply: usually the next day or so (unless I am traveling.)  Note: I don’t have mailing or Email addresses for any of the officials and I don’t keep track of offices that exist only in history books.

—-#3)  If I think your question is of interest to others, Sometimes I post the question  – but always change all the specifics.

— Robert Hickey 

Robert Hickey author of "Honor & Respect"