How to Address a Baron or Baroness:

Baron or Baroness

—-Envelope, official:
—-—-The Right Hon.
——–Lord (Complete Name)       See note #2

——–The Right Hon.
——–Lady (Complete Name)       See note #2

——–The Right Hon.
——–Lord and Lady (Complete Name)          See note #2

—-Letter salutation:    See notes #1 & #2
——–Dear Lord (Name):
——–Dear Lady (Name):
——–Dear Lord and Lady (Name):

Robert Hickey author of "Honor & Respect"

—-#1) ‘Baron’ and ‘baroness’ are not traditionally used in direct address with hereditary peers. However, as a contemporary practice, a baroness is addressed in conversation or in a salutation as ‘Baroness (Name)’.

—-#2) With baronies with a compound name – (name one) of/and (name two) – use ‘name one’ when (Name) is specified.  Use the ‘compound name’ when the (Complete Name) is specified. The given name of the titled person in never used in formal address.

– Robert Hickey.           How to Address a Baron or Baroness

See these Related Posts: --------King/Queen --------Duke/Duchess --------Marquess/Marchioness --------Earl/Countess --------Viscount/Viscountess --------Baron/Baroness --------Knight/Dame--------Noble Titles: Social Use Only

Robert Hickey author of "Honor & Respect"

How to Address a Dowager?

Duchess, Marchioness, Countess, Viscountess or Baroness



Does one address a Dowager as one would the nobleman’s wife? I am a minister and have a Dowager in my parish. Do you think Duchess (first name) or Dear Duchess of (Somewhere), more suitable? How to address a dowager?
— D.W.

Dear D.W.
British style guides suggest in oral conversation with a duchess you use: Your Grace
—-—-In a salutation: Dear Duchess:

The style guides further suggest in oral conversation with a marchioness, countess, viscountess or baroness you use: Lady (Name):  where (Name) is the name of the marquessate, earldom, viscountcy, or barony.
—-—-In a salutation with a marchioness: My Madam: or Dear Lady:
—-—-With a countess, viscountess or baroness: Dear Lady:

But there is a difference is how one ‘describes’ the d0wager or addresses the dowager in writing.  This is determined by how the individual dowager styles herself.

In writing – on an envelope or in full introduction – style books present two ways. These formulas works for duchess, marchioness, countess, viscountess and baroness:

Formula #1 …. The Dowager (Full Title)
—-—-Example: The Dowager Duchess (of Place)

—-Formula #2 …. (Name), (Complete name of rank)
—-—-Example: Mary, Duchess (of Place)
—-—-—-Which is the form the dowager Duchess of Devonshire who died in 2014 used:
—-—-—-—-Deborah Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire

To be certain which formula this dowager prefers, see if she has a personal secretary who can advise which style the individual prefers.

— Robert Hickey  How to address a dowager?

See these Related Posts: --------King/Queen --------Duke/Duchess --------Marquess/Marchioness --------Earl/Countess --------Viscount/Viscountess --------Baron/Baroness --------Knight/Dame--------Noble Titles: Social Use Only

Robert Hickey author of "Honor & Respect"

How to Address a Baroness who is Also a Dame?

I am looking to contact a Baroness who has just been made a Dame (DBE).  Specifically – how to write her name in the address block and the salutation in an email.

Which title should I use? Which one takes precedence? Do I use both titles?  If so what order?
———–— LAT

Dear LAT,

The British style guides state that those who have a title – are addressed by their title in every instance.  E.g., Being a baroness outranks being an Army General, Navy Admiral, Doctor, Professor or Dame. So, address her in the style of a Baroness.

———-The Right Hon.
———-Lady (Name of barony)  *

* See the note #2 above regarding how names of baronies are structured.

Style guides also suggest a contemporary practice of addressing a baroness as Baroness (Name) orally …. So use that form in the salutation.

— Robert Hickey

Robert Hickey author of "Honor & Respect"

When Should You Use the Forms on this Page?

You can use these forms of address for any mode of communication: addressing a letter, invitation, card or Email. (If there are differences between the official and social forms of address, I will have mentioned the different forms.)  The form noted in the salutation is the same form you say when you say their name in conversation or when you greet them.

Not Finding Your Answer?

—-#1)  At right on desktops, at the bottom of every page on tablets and phones, is a list of all the offices, officials & topics covered on the site.

—-#2)  If you don’t see the official you seek included or your question answered send me an e-mail. I am pretty fast at sending a reply: usually the next day or so (unless I am traveling.)  Note: I don’t have mailing or Email addresses for any of the officials and I don’t keep track of offices that exist only in history books.

—-#3)  If I think your question is of interest to others, Sometimes I post the question  – but always change all the specifics.

— Robert Hickey 

Robert Hickey author of "Honor & Respect"